Views: 452
Last Modified: 25.01.2022


Route description starts from defining a query method. There are 3 combinations of methods available:

$routes->get('/countries', function () {
    // triggered only by GET query

$routes->post('/countries', function () {
    // triggered only by POST query

$routes->any('/countries', function () {
    // triggered only by any query type

Use the method methods for specifying arbitrary set of methods:

$routes->any('/countries', function () {
    // triggers any type of query type
})->methods(['GET', 'POST', 'OPTIONS']);


Use curly brackets to define parameter in the address:

$routes->get('/countries/{country}', function ($country) {
    return "country {$country} response";

By default, [^/]+ pattern is used for parameters. The where route method is used for indicating your own criteria:

$routes->get('/countries/{country}', function ($country) {
    return "country {$country} response";
})->where('country', '[a-zA-Z]+');

If parameter value can contain /, use the pattern .*:

$routes->get('/search/{search}', function ($search) {
    return "search {$search} response";
})->where('search', '.*'); 

Parameters can have default values; in this case their presence is optional in the address:

$routes->get('/countries/{country}', function ($country) {
    return "country {$country} response";
})->default('country', 'Australia');

// route will be selected when querying /countries/
// the country parameter will have a specified value

For convenience, you can set parameters that don't participate in generating the address at all:

$this->routes->get('/countries/hidden', function ($viewMode) {
    return 'countries response {$viewMode}';
})->default('viewMode', 'custom');

Access to route parameter values is gained via controller parameters or current route object:

$routes->get('/countries/{country}', function ($country) {
    return "country {$country} response";


$app = \Bitrix\Main\Application::getInstance(); 
$country = $app->getCurrentRoute()->getParameterValue('country');    


Assign this route a unique identifier - a name - for convenience and route lists systematization:

$routes->get('/path/with/name', function () {
    return 'path with name';

Subsequently, this will allow to query the route when generating links.


Routing supports several types of controllers:

  1. Controllers Bitrix\Main\Engine\Controller:
    $routes->get('/countries', [SomeController::class, 'view']);
         // launches action SomeController::viewAction()
  2. Separate controller actions Bitrix\Main\Engine\Contract\RoutableAction:
    $routes->get('/countries', SomeAction::class);
  3. Closures:
    $routes->get('/countries/', function () {
             return "countries response";

    Arguments can be a query object Bitrix\Main\HttpRequest, current route object Bitrix\Main\Routing\Route, as well as route named parameters in any combinations:

    use Bitrix\Main\HttpRequest;
    use Bitrix\Main\Routing\Route;
    $routes->get('/countries/{country}', function ($country, HttpRequest $request) {
        return "country {$country} response";
    $routes->get('/countries/{country}', function (Route $route) {
        return "country {$route->getParameterValue('country')} response";
  4. The class Bitrix\Main\Routing\Controllers\PublicPageController is available for purposes of backward compatibility with public pages:
     $routes->get('/countries/', new PublicPageController('/countries.php'));

Courses developed by Bitrix24